Fascia - The fascia is the trim around your roof or the front board along your roof line. This is usually a wooden board or sheet metal. This is where the gutter attaches to the roof. It's primary function is to protect the roofing system from the elements or more specifically rain. This keeps the water from getting into the inside of your home. Inspect the fascia for damage or rot.
Flashing - The flashing is a component used to seal edges around the roofing system like the perimeter, walls, valleys, vents, chimney, skylights and other roof protrusion. The primary role of the flashing is to seal voids in the roof where water can leak into the house. This should be inspected regularly to avoid water leak problems.
Valleys - The valley is the area where the two roofs meet or come together. The valley is usually made from aluminum or galvanized steel. When you are inspecting your roofing system be careful not to step in the valleys as this can cause problems. The most common problems you will find with the valleys on your roof are deterioration and oxidation. When the seal around the flashing is broken water can penetrate the roofing system.
Shingles - Asphalt shingles are the most common type of roof material used on homes throughout Colorado. Over time the shingles can begin to curl. A good indication that you might have a problem is the discoloration in the shingles. Broken or missing shingles will leave the wood under the shingles open to water leak problems. Shingles can also buckle or become loose during heavy windstorms. Inspecting your roof after a heavy storm or a hail storm is a good idea.
In many cases small repairs can be done which will extend the life of your roof and save you hundreds of dollars in roof replacement costs.